Great research starts with great data.

Learn More
More >
Patent Analysis of

AUTONOMOUS OFF-BOARD DEFENSIVE AIDS SYSTEM

Updated Time 15 March 2019

Patent Registration Data

Publication Number

CA2343350A1

Application Number

CA2343350

Application Date

06 April 2001

Publication Date

06 October 2002

Current Assignee

ROKE MANOR RESEARCH LIMITED

Original Assignee (Applicant)

ROKE MANOR RESEARCH LIMITED

International Classification

F41H13/00,B63G8/28,B64D47/00,F41H11/02,G01S7/38

Cooperative Classification

G01S7/537,F41H11/02,G01S7/38,F41J9/04

Inventor

GALLOWAY PHILIP EDWARD,WELSH THOMAS,LLOYD PETER GREGORY

Abstract

There is provided an autonomous off-board defensive aids system (100) for use with a host craft (102), for example, with combat aircraft or submarines. More particularly, the host craft (102) deploys a plurality of controllable off-board units (104, 106) to counter an offensive threat or to engage in autonomous offensive actions. The controllable off-board units (104, 106) implement active stealth facilities: each off-board unit (104, 106) having a receiver unit for detecting impinging detection pulses, for example radar or sonar pulses, and a transmitter unit for generating an artificial detection pulse profile, for example "spoofing" or masking the presence of the host craft. The controllable off-board units are of two types: tethered (104) and free moving (106). The off-board units (104, 106) can have conventional propulsion apparatus, for instance propellers, rockets or jets. Off-board units (104, 106) each have control apparatus which allows the off-board units (104, 106) to co-operate. General commands are conveyed to the control apparatus by control cabling provided in the tether cable (108).

Read more

Claims

CLAIMS: 1. A deployable off-board defensive aids system for implementing active stealth facilities with respect to a host craft, the system including a plurality of controllable off-board units associated with the host craft, wherein each controllable off-board unit includes means for co-operation with at least the host craft.

2. A system as claimed in Claim 1, wherein each controllable off-board unit co-operates with at least one other controllable off-board unit.

3. A system as claimed in Claims 1 or 2, wherein the plurality of controllable off-board units includes at least one tethered controllable off- board unit, which has a tether cable.

4. A system as claimed in Claim 3, wherein each tethered controllable off- board unit is arranged to be capable of rapid release from the tether cable.

5. A system as claimed in Claims 3 or 4, wherein each tethered controllable off-board unit is arranged to be capable of deployment and recovery using the tether cable.

6. A system as claimed in any one of Claims 3, 4 or 5, wherein the tether cable includes power cabling.

7. A system as claimed in any one of Claims 3 to 6, wherein the tether cable includes command cabling. -14-

8. A system as claimed in any one of Claims 3 to 7, wherein a given tethered controllable off-board unit is attached by the tether cable to a tether node that is, in turn, attached to the host craft by a further tether cable.

9. A system as claimed in Claim 7, wherein the further tether cable includes command cabling and power cabling.

10. A system as claimed in Claim 8, wherein the tether node can route commands carried by the command cabling from the given tethered controllable off-board unit, to other tethered controllable off-board units and to the host craft.

11. A system as claimed in any one of Claims 7 to 9, wherein the tether node is provided on a tethered controllable off-board unit that is attached in turn to the host craft by a further tether cable.

12. A system as claimed in any one of Claims 2 to 6, wherein each tethered controllable off-board unit is attached directly to the host craft by the tether cable.

13. A system as claimed in any one of he preceding claims, wherein each controllable off-board unit includes a power source for supplying power to the controllable off-board unit.

14. A system as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, wherein each controllable off-board unit includes a short-range communications unit and each controllable off-board wait can thereby communicate directly with at least the host craft.

15. A system as claimed in Claim 14 wherein each controllable off-board unit can use the short-range communications unit to communicate directly with at least one other controllable off-board unit.

16. A system as claimed in any one of Claims 1 to 15, wherein each controllable off-board unit has a movement control system, which autonomously controls manoeuvres of said controllable off-board unit.

17. A system as claimed in Claim 16, wherein the movement control system includes control surfaces and an actuator system, which actuates the control surfaces according to instructions from a processing means.

18. A system as claimed in any one of Claims 1 to 17, wherein each controllable off-board unit has a means of propulsion.

19. A system as claimed in Claim 18, wherein the means of propulsion is a propeller engine.

20. A system as claimed in Claim 18, wherein the means of propulsion is a rocket engine.

21. A system as claimed in Claim 18, wherein the means of propulsion is a jet engine.

22. A system as claimed in any one of Claims 1 to 21, wherein the host craft is a combat aircraft.

23. A system as claimed in Claim 22, wherein the external surface of each controllable off-board unit is arranged both to be aerodynamic and to have low radar observability.

24. A system as claimed in Claims 22 or 23, wherein the active stealth facilities implemented relate to radar.

25. A system as claimed in Claim 24, wherein the system is further arranged to provide a three dimensional radar sensor capability with spherical coverage, by integrating radar sensor apparatus into the controllable off- board units.

26. A system as claimed in any one of Claims 1 to 19, wherein the host craft is a submarine.

27. A system as claimed in Claim 26, wherein the external surface of each controllable off-board unit is arranged both to be hydrodynamic and to have low sonar observability.

28. A system as claimed in Claims 26 or 27, wherein the active stealth facilities implemented relate to sonar.

29. A system as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, wherein the active stealth facilities implemented include electronic warfare support measures.

30. A system as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, wherein the active stealth facilities implemented include jamming.

31. A system as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, wherein each controllable off-board unit has an active stealth transmitter device and an active stealth receiver device, the active stealth receiver device detects impinging detection pulses and the active stealth transmitter device transmits an artificial profile.

32. A system as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, wherein the electronic components of the plurality of controllable off-board units use COTS components.

33. A deployable off-board defensive aids system substantially as hereinbefore described with reference to any one of Figures 1, 2, 3, 5, 6 or

7.

34. A deployable off-board defensive aids system substantially as hereinbefore described with reference to Figure 4.

Read more

Claim Tree

  • 1
    1. A deployable off-board defensive aids system for implementing active stealth facilities with respect to a host craft, the system including
    • a plurality of controllable off-board units associated with the host craft, wherein each controllable off-board unit includes means for co-operation with at least the host craft.
    • 2. A system as claimed in Claim 1, wherein
      • each controllable off-board unit co-operates with at least one other controllable off-board unit.
    • 3. A system as claimed in Claims 1 or 2, wherein
      • the plurality of controllable off-board units includes at least one tethered controllable off- board unit, which has a tether cable.
    • 13. A system as claimed in any one of he preceding claims, wherein
      • each controllable off-board unit includes a power source for supplying power to the controllable off-board unit.
    • 14. A system as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, wherein
      • each controllable off-board unit includes a short-range communications unit and each controllable off-board wait can thereby communicate directly with at least the host craft.
    • 16. A system as claimed in any one of Claims 1 to 15, wherein
      • each controllable off-board unit has a movement control system, which autonomously controls manoeuvres of said controllable off-board unit.
    • 18. A system as claimed in any one of Claims 1 to 17, wherein
      • each controllable off-board unit has a means of propulsion.
    • 22. A system as claimed in any one of Claims 1 to 21, wherein
      • the host craft is a combat aircraft.
    • 26. A system as claimed in any one of Claims 1 to 19, wherein
      • the host craft is a submarine.
    • 29. A system as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, wherein
      • the active stealth facilities implemented include electronic warfare support measures.
    • 30. A system as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, wherein
      • the active stealth facilities implemented include jamming.
    • 31. A system as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, wherein
      • each controllable off-board unit has an active stealth transmitter device and an active stealth receiver device, the active stealth receiver device detects impinging detection pulses and the active stealth transmitter device transmits an artificial profile.
    • 32. A system as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, wherein
      • the electronic components of the plurality of controllable off-board units use COTS components.
  • 33
    33. A deployable off-board defensive aids system substantially as hereinbefore described with reference to any one of Figures 1, 2, 3, 5, 6 or 7.
  • 34
    34. A deployable off-board defensive aids system substantially as hereinbefore described with reference to Figure 4.
See all 3 independent claims

Description

CA 02343350 2001-04-06 AUTONO~XOUS OTF-80ARD DEFENSIVE .AmS SYS"rEM Tl~e present invention relates to an autonvzz~ous of;C board de~Censive aids system. More particularly, the system consists of an apparatus provided on a host craft that deploys a plurality of of:f board Lxnits for cou»toring an offensive threat, for implementing a sensor array or for engaging in autonomous offensive actions_ The host craft can be, for example, a combat aircraft, ship or a submarine. o It is known tv protect host craft using an umxianned and unpowered, off board decoy unzt_ The decoy unit is towed by the lost cra:l~t and draws offensive thzeats away from the host craft. For example, a combat aircraft can carry a decoy unit to confuse anti-aircraft ix~issiles and a battle-ship vz a subzna_rin.e can use a decoy unit to evade torpedoes. In each cast, th.e decoy 1.5 unit can be sacrificed to preserve the host craft. The decoy unit can draw away offensive threats by active stealth. Both the decoy unit and tho host craft havE active stealth sensors and transmitters, which co-operate in a sensor array and a transmitter array respectively. Airborne active stealth techniques include jaz~iz~g of transnnissions, radar z0 detection signals in particular, and electronic warfare support measures (E5M), where a source or a given traztsznission can be located and a false radar profile can be generated fvr the source. When the aircraft senses, though the sensor array, the presence of radar wavefronts, the active stealth liansmittcr array cant generate either a matching anti-phase wavefront, to 25 disperse the inopinging wave;~ront and maintain low observability, or a "spoof' wave~~ront, whereby the radar re~(~ections will appear to indicate a di.fferez~t aircraft, for inst<<uace an aircraft that the enemy radar regards as fz~ieudly_ In the analogous case of active stealth in submarines, f~.lse sonar CA 02343350 2001-04-06 _2- __ and magnetic field profiles are created and enemy detection systems are jammed. Active stealth, in particular ESM, relics upon accurate synchronisation between active stealth transmitters that generate wavefronts and accurate ~ l~nowledge of the position of said active stealth transmitters - a failure of either of these features can result in the active stealth being compromised. ,A single, unpowercd and uncontzolled decoy unit can only provide a limited degree of active stealth: the required accuracy of synchronisation and positioning are absent. Towing more than one unpowered and uncontrolled l0 decoy unit can be proble~oaatic, since without control, the decoy units can become entangled. It is the object of the invention to obviate or at least mitigate the above problems. Ideally, provision is rxiade for a plurality of controllable off board units 15 with. active stealth capabilities. In accordance with the present invention there is provided, a deployable o:C.C board defensive aids system for implezucnting active stealth facilities with respect to a host craft, the system including a plurality of controllable off board units associated with the host craft. wherein. each controllable off board z0 unit includes means for co-operation with at least the host craft. Throughout the following description, the tcnn 'off board' denotes 'external Co the host craft' . Advantageously, each controllable off board unit includes means for co-operation with at lease on.e other controllable off-board unit. 2S The plurality of controllable off board units preferably includes at least one tethered controllable off-board unit, which has a tether cable. Each tethered controllable off board unit is ideslly arranged to be capable of rapid release from the tether cable. CA 02343350 2001-04-06 Advantageously. each tethered controllable off board unit is arranged to be capable of deployment and recovery using the tether cable_ Preferably, the tether cable includes power cabling. Equally, the tether cable can include command cabling. A given tethered controllable off board unit can advantageously be attached by the tether cable to a tether node that is, in turn, attached to the host craft by a further tether cable. Preferably, the further- tether cable includes both command cabling and power cabling. It is preferable that the tether node can route commands carried by the comuna.nd cabling from the given tethered controllable off board unit to at least one other tethered controllable off board units and to the host craft. The tether rzode is advantageously provided on a tethered controllable off board unit that is attached in turn. to the host craft by a further tether cable, A,ltern.atively, each tethered. controllable off board unit can be attached directly to the host craft by the tether.cable. Advantageously, each controllable off board unit includes a power source for supplying power to the controllable off-board unit_ The power source may be a battery. 2o I:c i.s prefezable that each controllable off board uz~xc includes a short- range communications unit and each controllable vf~ board unit can thereby communicate directly with at least the host craft. Furthermore, each controllable vff-board unit can use the short-range communications unit to coznzz~unicate directly with at least one other controllable off-board unit. Each controllable oft-board unit preferably has a movEment control system, which autvz~vzx~ously controls manoeuvres of said controllable off board unit. CA 02343350 2001-04-06 -4_ __ 'The rrlovement contzvl system ideally includes control surfaces and an actuator system, which actuates the control surfaces accorciiz~g to instructions from a processing xn.eans_ Advantageously, each controllable off board uz~.at has a means of S propuJ.s~ion. The means of propulsion can be: a propeller engine, a rocket ongine or a jet engine. The host crafi is optionally a combat a.ircratt. When used with combat ai.zczaft, the external surface of each to controllable off board unit is advantageously arranged both to be aerodynamic and to have low radar observability. Furthermore. the active stealth facilities implemented preferably relate to radar. For a3rbvzzze applications, ie is preferred that the system is further 15 arranged to pzovide a three dimensional rad~u- sensor capability with sph.ezi.cal coverage, by integrating radar sensor apparatus into the controllable off board llzLlts. Alternatively, the host craft is a submarine. In the case of submarine applications, the ehternal surface of each 2o controllable off-board unit is advanta?eously arranged both to be hydrodynamic and to have love sonar observability. Preferably, the acti.vc stealth facilztzes implemented relate to sonar. The active stealth facilities izzzplezriented in the deployable off board defensive aids system advanlageou.sly include electronic warfare support 2S measures. Preferably, the active stealth facilities implemented also include CA 02343350 2001-04-06 It is preferable that each controllable off-board unit has an active stealth transmitter device arid an active stealth receiver device; tlae active stealth receiver device detects impinging detection pulses and the active stealth transrrUittez' device transmits an artificial pt~ofile. The destruction of unmanned units is preferred over the destruction of a combat craft and thus the unit preferably uses low cost components. The electronic co~xiponents o,f the plurality of controllable off-board units are thus preferably commercial off-the-shelf cozinponents. For a better undcrstandizag of the present invenkion, reference will now 1o be made, by way of e~:am.ple o:aly, to the accompanying drawings in which: Figure 1 show s an cznbodiment of the deployable off board defensive aids system of the prcseztt invention when provided for a combat aircraft: Figure 2 shows a view of a controllable off board unit as used in the prcsezAt invention; Figure ~ shows a schematic diagram of the electronic apparatus pzvvided in a controllable off-board unit as used an the present invention; Figure 4 shows an embodiment of the deployable off board. defensive aids system of the present invention when provided for a subm.azi.zte; Figure 5 shows an arrangement of tethered contx-ollable off board units z0 including a tether node; Figure 6 shows a cascaded arrangement of tethered controllable oft-board units; and Figure 7 shows an arrangement v~ controllable off board units where all off board units are tether-fz-c~. In one embodizzxent of the present invention, there is provided a deployable off beard defensive aids system having a plurality ovf controllable off board units. Referring to Figure 1, the deployable off board defensive aids system 100 is implemented iii; a host combat aircraft 7.02 having a fizst CA 02343350 2001-04-06group of tethered controllable off-board units 104 in tow and a second group of free flying contzo~lable off-board units 106. Eoth gzoups of controllable off board unzt axe used to counter a threat or to perfozzn an offensive mission in their own right. Each controllable off board unit, whether tethered 104 or free 106, includes means for providing autozzxatac and semi-autonomous flight control to allow flight without entanglert~cnt wirh other controllable off board units. The controllable off board uztits 104,106 manoeuvre in concert with respect to !he aircraft 1 U2 and cv-operate to provide the aircraft 102 with lO active stealth facilities. ,Aa~ zrxzportant feature of d1o control of tethered off board units 204 is ll~.at aerodynamic forces must be held in balance to maintain safe fliobt zesulting in a degree of symmetry in the formations used by the controllable off-board units 204. Crenezal.ly, the eoiZUOllable off-board units 104, 106 arc stored wzthin a pod attached to the host aircraft or within an interior bay of the host aizeraf2 un.tii they are deployed. The tethered controllable off board uzzits 104 are capable of being deployed and recovered as required. thcze bezng apparatus for letting out and drawing in the tether cable 108. The tethered controllable otf board units 104 can also be rapidly rblcased ,Crvr~ the tether cable 108, zo enabling them to move away from the aircraft whi.lsc seducing an offensive threat. The remaining tethered controllable o:~t-board units 104 must be able to compensate for the change in :fdzce da tribution when an off board unit becomes detached. The active stealth. faciJ.ities are aced to baffle radar detection. Each of the plurality of controllable off board units is positioned relative to the host aircraft, each okf-board unit hac radar sensors and transmitters and each off board unit cazx produce a radar px-ofile: Duo to their controllable nature the off board units can perform close .forniation manoeuvres. The radar prvfil.e of CA 02343350 2001-04-06the collection of tiff board uz~zts and the host crsft can be co-ozdin.ated to imitate a formation of many aircra:Ft or an aircraft of a different type. Whether the tether cable 108 is present or not, a given controllable off board unit 1.04,106 can be provided with a propulsion mechanism as known from other unmanned aircraft, for example prvpellcrs, rockets and jot engines, thereby becoming capable of autonorrtous flight. Likewise, a controllable off board unit 104,106 can carry a battery 'fir powering eduipment belonging to the off board unit. Iqowevcr, a tethered controllable tiff board unit 104 can be provided with power directly fx'ozn. the host craft along a power cable. The tether cable 108 can include the power cable, indeed a tether cable of sufficient flexibility. strcrzgth and conductivity can be used as a power cable. The tether cable 108 can also include a command cable. Figure 2 shows a controllable off-board unit 200, which has a cable attachment poizzt 202, an aerodynami:e housing 204 and aerodynamic cvz~.trvJ. surfaces 206. The control surfaces 206 allow the o J=board unit 200 tv manocuvze autonomously, regarclless of whether the off-board ux~it 200 is tethered or free flying. Even an off Uoard unit 200 with no propulsion means, for instance a unit That has been released from a tether cable, can be guided by control surfaces 206 as it glides. z0 When present, a tether cable 108 is attaclxed at the cable attachment point 202. The housing 204 encloses eTectrorzic apparatus for autonomous control of the off-board unit 20U arid sc~.sor equipment. In addition, th~ external surface of the housing 204 azod the control sut~faces 206 are arranged with low radar observability iua zzziz~d::the :Tnatesial.s used and surfaces presented to enerrzy radar zzaust riot betray the presence of the oft-board unit 200 or the host aircraft. In Figure 3, the tether cable 108 attached to the off board unit 200 includes a coz~zz~.and cable and the cabl.e:attachment point 202 includes a port CA 02343350 2001-04-06 for the command cable. Command signals from the host craft 102 or from other off-board units can be routed to a command in.teWace unit 302 Yia the command cable_ The command interface unit 302 converts command signals into inst~tctions foy- processing by a processor 308 which irt turn, generates coz~.tro1 instructions for an actuator unit 306. The actuator unit 306 actuates the control surfaces 206 and thereby provides the off board unit 200 with manoeuvrability and flight contz-ol. The processor 308 generates the control instructions according to iwforzn.ation from tl~c flight sensors equipment 310. Examples of ,(7.ight scnsoy-s i_n.cl.tzde ace~lerometers, altimeters, gyroscopes and to globsl positioning systezz~. (GPS) equipment. The off board unit 200 also has a radio frequency transmitter unit 304 and a radio frequency receiver uz~~tt 312. The radio frequency units arc used in ac,kive stealth: the radio frequez~.cy z~:ceiver unit 312 detects the presence of enemy radar and the radio frequency txansa.~itter Unit 304 generates an artificial radar profile that imitates a 15 zcflection of the enemy radar. The' plurality of off hoard utxits 200 also eo- operate to provide distributed electronic warfare support xneasures partitioning, which means that the ofd board units simultao.eoxxsly provide different ESM functions thereby dividing and conquezing an enemy defence system. 2o The off board unit illustrated iri Figuze 3 is provided with an off board communications appaz~atus 314. W'hGn. the off board unit is released from its tether, eornznunications eau be maizztazz~:ed by the off board communications apparatus 314. Communications can be kept relatively short-range by using only radio wavclengtl~s that are highly attenuated over short distances, for 25 example comxzxun.ications having uiavclengths of the order of millimetres. Short-range cvzzxznunieations can be both transmitted and z~eceived by the off board conaznunications apparatus 3'14.; CA 02343350 2001-04-06 In a second embodiment, the deployable off board defensive aids system havizlg a plurality of controllable submarine o:ff-board units is used with a submazlne as ~t k~ost craft. Referrinb to Figure 4, a submarine off board defensive aids system 400 is implemented in a subrnarin.e 402 having a first group of tethered controllable off-board units 404 irz tow and a second group of free-xn.oving controllable off board units 406_ ~,s in aircraft, both groups ol' controllable off board unit are usEd to counter a threat or to perform an offensive mission in their own right: Each. conn-ollable off board unit, whether tethered 404 or tree 406. includes means for providing autonoxr~ous control to allow movement without entanglement with otrier controllable off board units. The controllable subzz~.ari.zte off-board units 404, 406 manoeuvre in concert with respect to the submarine 402 and co-operate to provide the st~brnarinc 402 with active stealth facilities. Generally, the contro11ab1e ol'f board units 404, 406 are stored within a pod attacllcd to tl~e host submarine or wiahin an interior bay o:f the host submazi.ne uz~.til they arc deployed. The tethered controllable off bond units 404 are capable of being deployed arid recovered as required, tb.ere being apparatus for letting out and drarwing in the tether cable 408_ The tethered z0 controllable off-board units 404 can also be rapidly released from the tether cable 408, enabling them to move away from the subzzxarine in order to seduce an offensive threat. Whether the tether cable 408 is present or not, a given controllable off board unit 404,406 can be provided virith'a propulsion mechax~sm as .known 2~ frotxi the art, for example propellers; thereby becoming capab.l.e of autonomous manoeuvryng_ Unlike the case for controllable off board units for t~ircraft, a self pr-opened, submaiane,:coittrollablc off board unit 406 can CA 02343350 2001-04-06 _ 10_ maintain similar velocities to the host submarine and can as easily maintain a position ahead of Ll~.e host submarine in the water. Polder foz equipment belonging to submarine controllable off board units 404. 406 can be provided by batteries or in the case of tethered off board units 404 can additionally be provided directly frozz~. the host craft along a power cable. Again, the tether cable 408 can include the power cable. Furlherrnore, the tether cable 40$ can include a command cable. The equipment provided in a submarine controllable off-board unit 404, 4U6 has many similarities to the e~uipixient illustrated in Figure 3. Active stealth must take into account suhrnarine detection techniques including sonar and magnetic field profiles. For instance, each submarine off board unit can be prvvid.ed with a onar transmitter unit and a sonar receiver unit. The sonar ur.~its can be used'i,n active stealth: the sonar receiwcr unit detecting the presence of enemy sonar and the sonar transmitter unit generating an artificial sonar profile hat imitates a reflection of the enczr~y sorxar_ The external surface of the submarine off board units is not o.uty hydrodynamieally streamlined bLtt also arranged to minimise observabiliry by sonar and ~nagneti.c field detection techniques. The control surfaces are zo naturally arranged to give manoeuvrability in ~uvatcr_ In both aircra.:tt and submarine crnbodizz~.ents, the host craft can carry similar sensor and communications equipment to the equipment provided in the controllable off board units I04, 106, 404, 406. The host craft can thereby participate in the active stealth facilities. Alternative axxangements of ethered controllable off board units 104. are illustrated in Figures 5, 6 and 7 Although shown for aircraft, these arrangements arc equally relevant to. ~ubrriarine applications. In Figure 5, a single tether cable is attached at ozzc end to ahe host aircraft and at the other to CA 02343350 2001-04-06 -I l- a tether node. The tether node in turn has further attachment points at which ttlrlher tether cables aze attached. A respective oif-board unit is then attached to each of the fuz'tla.er tether cables: When the tether cables include comm,~d cables, the tekher node can be arranged to route commands from one off board unit to the b.ost aircraft and to the other. off board unzts_ Rerernng to Figure 6, the tether node is .replaced by a controllable off board unit having further attachm,cnt points_ This cascaded arrangement can be extended so that a conkrollable cirf-board unit can he attached to the host aircraft only by way o:f two or more inaetvening conlxollable off board units_ 1o Figure 7 illustrates a situativz~. where all the controllable off board units are free-flying and communicate with a communications unit onboard the host aircraft over a muillimetrc wavelength radio link. It wiXl be understood that wariations'of the controllable off board units can be provided with weaponz-y or explosives. In the event of an enemy Z5 weapon targeting the host craft, an armed controllable tiff board unit can for example be deployed to either attack lhc enemy weapon or self-dest.zuct in the path. v~ ara incoming missile thereby seducing the threat. In addition, it will be understood that althoush the Figures described above illustrate only two dimensional formations of controllable off board. zo units the invention is not limited to two;dirncnsions. Indeed three dimensional formations of controllable off: boaz~3 malts are essential in certain applications of the invention, for instance the provision of ESM. The deployable oft-board defenszi~ aids system can also be arranged to provide additional services for the host craft_ For aircraft, a three dimensional 25 radar sensor system with sph.ezical coverage can be provided which would be integrated into the conttvllable off=board rinits. For submarines, the sources of sonar pulses or naagnelic field fluctuations can be located using the same equipxucnt as the act~ivc stealth techniques ,,

Read more
PatSnap Solutions

Great research starts with great data.

Use the most comprehensive innovation intelligence platform to maximise ROI on research.

Learn More

PatSnap Solutions

PatSnap solutions are used by R&D teams, legal and IP professionals, those in business intelligence and strategic planning roles and by research staff at academic institutions globally.

PatSnap Solutions
Search & Analyze
The widest range of IP search tools makes getting the right answers—and asking the right questions—easier than ever. One click analysis extracts meaningful information on competitors and technology trends from IP data.
Business Intelligence
Gain powerful insights into future technology changes, market shifts and competitor strategies.
Workflow
Manage IP-related processes across multiple teams and departments with integrated collaboration and workflow tools.
Contact Sales